Tubal reversal, also called tubal sterilization reversal or tubal ligation reversal, is a surgical procedure that attempts to restore fertility to women after a tubal ligation. By rejoining the separated segments of fallopian tube, tubal reversal may give women the chance to become pregnant again.
The fallopian tube is a muscular organ extending from the uterus and ending next to the ovary. The tube is attached to the ovary by a small ligament. The inner tubal lining is rich in cilia. These are microscopic hair-like projections that beat in waves that help move the egg or ovum to the uterus in conjunction with muscular contractions of the tube.The fallopian tube is normally about 10 cm (4 inches) long and consists of several segments. Starting from the uterus and proceeding outward, these are the:
Interstitial segment - extends from the uterine cavity through the uterine muscle
Isthmic segment - narrow muscular portion adjacent to the uterus
Ampullary segment - wider and longer middle part of the tube
Infundibular segment - funnel shaped segment next to the fimbrial end
Fimbrial segment - wide opening at the end of the tube facing the ovary
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